tv BBC World News PBS October 18, 2011 6:00pm-6:30pm PDT
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>> and now, "bbc world news." >> hello and welcome to "newsday". singapore. >> here are the headlines. back home after years of captivity. gilad shalit returns home. spain's credit rating is downgraded. greece braces for another strike over austerity cuts. the vaccine against malaria for adults. it is 9:00 iun the morning in singapore. >> it is 2:00 a.m. in london. broadcasting on pbs and america and around the world, this is "newsday."
hello, welcome once again. an historic prisoner swap between the israelis and palestinians. five years after he was snatched an ambush, the israeli soldier gilad shalit is enjoying his first night back home with his family. a huge celebration took place in gaza as families there celebrate. jeremy bowen reports from jerusalem. >> this evening, gilad shalit was flown home. his family campaigned for five years to get him back. they won the sympathy of the israelis from military service was a rite of passage. he was smiling as they drove him in. most israelis support the deal made for his freedom, even though his ransom was the
release of people they regard as murderers. this morning he was waking up in gaza for the last time. then gilad shalit, pale and thin, was march to freedom by the head of the hamas military wing. he did an interview to egyptian tv. of course, i missed my family and meeting people. he hoped the deal with and wars between israel and palestinians -- would end wars between israel and palestinians. and palestinian families were gathering to welcome the prisoners home, the men and women who were jailed for taking up arms against israel are exalted in society. they are seen as legitimate resistance against a brutal occupation. this 11-year-old was waiting for her mother, imprisoned for 10
years for helping suicide bombers reach their targets. the father was not being released. back in israel, gilad shalit was welcomed by benjamin netanyahu. he needed some good news after a difficult political summer. noam shalit ran a tenacious campaign that helped israelis pay a high price for his son's freedom. in gaza, palestinian prisoners were welcomed by hamas leaders. other prisoners are being deported, an illegal israel act say human rights campaigners. no sign of a new positive atmosphere here, just the old one. the west bank welcome was held by the palestinian president
abbas. as palestinians celebrated, they all new debthat hamas had it succeeded where president abbas had failed. >> our enemies, he said, only respond to force. >> these men are treated as conquering heroes. their freedom was a transaction between hamas and the israelis. there are still all of the big issues of war and peace and the future of this land that remain. in gaza tonight, they are celebrating victory, not a chance for peace. that will have to wait for palestinians and israelis. credit rating has been downgraded by another
ratings agency moody's. they say worsening of growth prospects for the euro-zone make it more challenging for spain to reach its ambitious fiscal targets. greek unions are beginning a 48 hour general strike as parliament votes on new austerity measures. the government is trying to emphasize the positive. the foreign minister has been speaking to our european editor. >> greece is a country that is rich. that was poorly managed for a number of years. the poor management, which we have been fixing in the past couple of years, cannot hide the fact that we have -- industries that are beneficial to investors. whether it is energy, alternative energy, shipping, tourism, you are talking about heavy industries in which greece is a champion in europe.
this is not a bleak picture, although we are in the dark part of this dark tunnel. the question is, do we focus our attention and had or do we start listening to anyone who predicts our demise? i choose to look ahead. i choose to look forward. we will not throw our hands up or surrender or abandon the effort. we will fulfil entirely our commitment. and i believe a year from now, if we are sitting together discussing, i can look you in the eye and say, remember i told you this? it happened. >> can you convince those people that are occupying the ministries, who are doing all that they can to fight what they see as austerity measures, are you going to be able to convince them that you have a plan for the future that will work? >> i have to. and therefore, i will continue making every effort possible to
convince them. and i believe, as i told you before, that the vast majority of the people who are not happy, and some of whom are in the streets today, understand that these measures, as difficult as they are, are necessary and will guarantee a better future for themselves and their families. >> let's go to singapore. a vaccine against one of the world's biggest killers malaria has moved a step closer. you have more on this. >> that's right. results from a major clinical trial in africa showed the chances of getting malaria can be cut by 50%. raising hopes there may soon be a more robust defense for the billions at risk around the world. our medical correspondent has more. >> this is a common sight in many african hospitals -- row upon row of children laid low by malaria. the infection is spread by
mosquitoes. a vaccine would transform the life chances of millions. ise-month-old pamela one of those to receive the experimental jab. malaria is a global threat. about 3 billion people in the areas colored red are at risk of infection. but most of the 1 million deaths per year are in africa. 6000 children under two were involved in the trial. results show the vaccine cut cases by half, but its effectiveness might have waned after 1 years. >> over the next couple years we will get a clear view on what is happening with protection. is it waning, or is it that people are acquiring natural community? what do we need a booster dose? all of that becomes clear in the next two years. >> bill gates has given billions for vaccines and the developing
world, and is encouraged by the trial results. >> it is very promising, the very fact this vaccine works gives us data about how to build better vaccines and a tool to combine with the spraying, the mosquito killing, all of these interventions that will bring the number of steps down. >> bed nets and insecticides remain vital in the fight against malaria. the vaccine is no magic bullet. but even the jab that was 50% effective could save huge numbers of lives in the years to come. theeurope's highest -- judgment comes in a case that could have major implications for medicine. scientists say the decision by the court of justice may impede european research into the use of stem cell therapy or dry
research overseas. a car bomb exploded outside the foreign ministry in the somali capital, killing four people, including the suicide bomber. the attack came as kenya's defense and foreign minister are holding talks nearby. kenya sent troops to somalia on friday. china's ruling communist party-- the last meeting of the party's central committee before new leadership is chosen next year calls for a push to energize state-owned media. to the libyan capital of tripoli where hillary clinton held talks. at a town home style meeting, misses clinton said she was proud to be standing on the soil of a free libya.
she is the highest at visiting american official to visit libya since the uprising started against colonel gaddafi. >> hillary clinton flew into tripoli on a military transport. it is not equipped to fill up -- to deal with the threat of thousands of service to air missiles scattered around -- surface to air missiles scattered around libya. on the tarmac, anti gaddafri fighters. the official welcome is warm and grateful. it is not every day the u.s. years thanks in the arab world. >> they give his military and moral and political support. we have respect for what the americans have given us. >> libya is rich with billions
of dollars, so misses clinton did not pledge money but she offered american expertise to rebuild the country. she called on all fighters to unified under one leadership. >> they want to get all the militias under national command. they want to prevent reprisals and secure the stocks of weaponry that have come off the battlefield or have been discovered from the previous regime. >> the u.s. played a key role in the nato campaign but kept a low profile. there was no victory lap from misses clinton. she did mingle with people, but she left -- she kept a low profile because of security concerns. the challenges ahead are tremendous, not just for libya but for the united states. misses clinton's -- mrs. clinton's visit is part of an effort to shape the future of
the region. >> you are watching "newsday" on the bbc. still to come, the bbc goes back to you bahrain and aska what happens when protesters tried to bring the arabs durin spring toe gulf kingdom. student protests have turned violent in chile. in the u.k., liam fox ignored official warnings about his relationship with adam weritty. dr. fox did breech the ministerial code. >> it was a friendship that cost him his job. a friendship that saw his best man pose as an unofficial adviser. a friendship that blurred their professional and personal lives. dr. fox resigned last week after
it emerged that his friend had been funded by businessmen with defense interests. the former defense secretary had solicited the funds themselves. since last week, they have been investigating. today, his conclusions were unequivocal. he found no evidence that dr. fox gain financially from his relationship with mr. werity, ty but he said dr. fox's blurred personal and professional life is not acceptable. created a perceived conflict of interest and that was the failure of judgment on his part. the report also reveals that top officials here at the mod warned dr. fox about the relationship, but he ignored them. captain in the dark about the meetings and he put his staff at risk -- he captain in the dark about the meetings and put his staff at risk. ande kept them in the dark
put his death at risk. he is back at westminster and is expected to make a statement at westminster tomorrow. it rules out any return to office. adam weritty hired lawyers. tomorrow the prime minister will face questions about this in the comments. and there is the possibility of police and parliamentary investigations. this ain't over yet. >> this is "newsday" on the bbc. i'm in singapore. >> the headlines. the israeli soldier gilad shalit has been exchanged for hundreds of palestinian prisoners. spain had its debt rating downgraded, while greece is bracing for another strike over austerity measures. police in philadelphia have arrested three people who
imprisoned four people with learning difficulties in a small and squalid basement. the captors collected their victims social security checks. --and that's what he's >> a grim-faced detective opens the door to a terrifying world. in this cramped, underground space, vulnerable adults were kept prisoner without food, light, and surrounded by their own waste. they barely had room to stand up. one of the men was changed to a boiler. they have been locked up with dolls angs and a single bottle f drink. . here are three of the victims. they are painfully thin. it's not just the physical scars. they have severe learning difficulty, making them susceptible to abuse. >> she did this to me, too.
>> i escaped one time to one of the houses that we used to live in of hers, and i did not get away. >> linda weston is charged with kidnapping and false imprisonment. she has a prior merger conviction for the. the gunmen who starved after being locked in a covered. it's alleged that she and co- defendants preyed on the vulnerable to pocket the social security checks. >> when you look at the conditions under which they were kept, it is something out of the dungeon, actually. and to know that she would take advantage of a fellow human being like this makes you sick. >> the police had been alerted by the suspect's landlord. inside the property, they found dozens of identification documents. the fbi is looking at linda weston's previous homes in texas
and florida to see if others had suffered the same awful experience. >> an independent report into allegations of thieving, torture, and murder, in police custody in bahrain. it was commissioned by the government. our security correspondent has returned to the gulf state to assess the human rights situation. >> mourning a boy they call a martyr. villagers from the shi'ite majority protest the killings. part of a wider movement to get the leaders to share power, land and wealth. there is some attention in these shiite villages that when protestors meet security forces, it ends in more
animosity. i joined a patrol with the security force. this is what they do every night, going out to the villages and checking out the protests, the roadblocks. they are confronting civil disobedience. roadblocks and rocks thrown by the'ite youths, whom government calls traitors. back in february, at the height of the uprising, the security tacticsinheavy caused international outrage. >> i told them i am a doctor. but i believe they are not listening. so they start beating me.
they told me, get up. we will not lift you. we will kill you and let you die your. here. >> and the king has responded by commissioning an international inquiry. the government is on a charm offensive. >> there were abuses of human rights. those are mistakes. the government addressed them. those mistakes were not just done by the government. it was even by the demonstrators. and those issues have been faced. >> the demonstrators are not in charge. >> yes. abuses happened from everyone. but where they systematic? no, they were not. >> they agreed to let me see inside the police detention center. this is not the main prison, nor is it where most of the interrogations and taken place,
but this was the first visit by the media. most inmates said they were well treated, although a convicted criminal said he was beaten. this country is harboring thousands of human rights allegations, many investigated by the commission. how the government reacts will help determine what happens here next. >> you have news from chile, where the government has threatened to use an emergency law after another day of violent demonstrations in the capital. >> that is right. santiago police used teargas and water canon to battle protesters that said up burniet up burning. it is the latest to demand free public education. >> once again the debate about free public education has descended into violence. angry youths in the capital through stones and petrol bombs
carried the police responded with water canon and tear gas = . a bus was set on fire. and a kindergarten had to be evacuated because of the plumes of tear gas. for months, students have been protesting against the education system which they see is outdated and in need of wholesale reform. about 40% of education spending in chile is paid for through tuition fees. evoking for demonstrations calling for free teaching and grants for the poor. in a country that experienced economic stability in recent years, many are angry about what they see as broken promises on reforms. trade unions are taking part in the strike, too, and further demonstrations are planned. >> it is necessary better country has a new education system, where the state takes control over spending. there should be free and quality
education for all. >> talks between students and the government collapsed in the past two weeks in the main student leader told the bbc that the dialogue between the two sides is currently broken. many schools and universities have been shut down since may. these demonstrations are now the biggest civil protests in chile since the end of general pinochet's rule in 1991. >> media regulation -- regulations and venezuela and posted $2 million fine on opposition television station for its coverage of a prison riot. he said he will be running for president, despite a supreme court ruling barring that. mr. lopez has never been found guilty in a court heard police and mexico have arrested a man they say is in a drug that is
locked in a bloody battle for control of the city of aqaba local. he is accused of leading the gang known as the street sweeper. a beauty queen has gone on trial in argentina, accused of masterminding a ring of drug smuggling models. police say she ran the team of attractive young people that carried cocaine to mexico ivvia europe. she denies the charges. a british author has won at this year's booker prize. julian barnes was presented with the 50,000 pound prize at a ceremony in london. his novel, "the sense of an ending," had been favored to win. it is a book about a man facing up to his past. it's big to humankind in the 21st century. -- i t speakas to
humankind in the 21st century. the story of survival in china. a 3-year-old boy. he is lucky. look at this. he is down there in that well shaft. yet fallen down there. -- he has fallen down there. that rope was lowered by villagers to try to help them out, but emergency services did the job. a happy ending for a lucky boy. a miracle indeed. >> you've been watching "newsday." >> test reminder of our main news this hour. the israeli soldier gilad shalit that was held captive in gaza for five years has flown home after being reunited with his family in israel. the 25-year-old was handed over in egypt on tuesday by the palestinian groups haman is in exchange for 1000 palestinian
prisoners. that is it from london and singapore. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. union bank. and shell. >> this is kim - about to feel one of his favorite sensations. at shell, we're developing more efficient fuels in countries like malaysia that can help us get the most from our energy resources. let's use energy more efficiently. let's go. >> union bank has put its global expertise to work for a